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Old 15/11/2007, 10:50 PM
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Default "Forms of Thinking" by Gulenko

From the point of view of its structure, the method of thinking, in my opinion, is most successfully simulated by the combination of three bipolar scales, namely: statics/the dynamics, positivism/the negativism and evolution/the involution. Why precisely by these? I arrived at understanding of this regularity in two ways. First, I noted that the most rapid and most complete exchange of data carriers occurs in the groups of the revision, which are formed by the data by the pairs of signs. And, in the second place, finding [sotsionicheskie] analogies to other one or models or another of the comprehension of reality - to pictures of peace, I revealed that exchange of data carriers in each of four groups of revision personifies in himself in concentrated form one of that affirming in the history of cognitive activity the technician of thinking. If my conclusions are valid, then the information activity of the groups of revision is that which in cognitive psychology is named usually the styles (or forms) of thinking. Bringing a strict deductive proof my theory I do not set as my goal. Below I simply will present the obtained results. The inductive generalizations, which go from the practice of consultational, teaching and [treningovoy] work have for me much larger weight, than so dears to the heart of some [sotsionikov] mathematical calculations. How to determine, that man intensively does think? Let us look from the side. It first loses sincere equilibrium, then is restored it (it works statics/the dynamics). First doubts, then confidently asserts anything (it works negativism/the positivism). First it defines concretely, then generalizes - it passes from one logical level to another (this process it is controlled, as I will show below, by the special sign [evo]/the involution). Emotional painting, the degree of the rapidity of judgments, the movement of one line in the account (i.e., customary logic/the ethics, the extra/intro-version, [ratsio]/the irrationality) in this case they play, of course, their specific role. But three polarities, which unite [sotsionicheskie] types in [reviznye] groups, exert nevertheless more noticeable influence on the joint social intellect in that form, in which it was formed historically. I emphasize that in this article I will investigate the structural forms of thinking, but not his content. My attention will be directed not toward first, about which it thinks of men, but to that, as it this makes. The instrument- technical side of thinking in other words, will serve as the object of my reasonings. ...
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Old 15/11/2007, 10:50 PM
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1. Polarity “statics- dynamics” In the overall meaning this polarity indicates alternative orientation or on the place (space) - this there will be the pole the statics, or on the time - this is the pole the dynamics. The categories of space and time as the most important a priori forms of thinking in detail investigated still i. Edging in its “criticism of clean reason”. It them contradicted as extent and duration. The fact is that the statics more they depend on place, than from the time, the dynamics - vice versa. The filling of object space characterizes the behavior [statikov] so as the dynamic loudspeakers - saturation of time by events. Statics they do not suffer around itself empty space - they here fill with its existing near at hand things. Dynamics they will not carry empty time - boredom, hard times, prolonged stay in one and the same state. In a certain sense the statics can be named by people places, A the dynamics - by people of time. But now let us examine this polarity on the discrete levels of communication. 1.1. Intellectual level. Here the statics it resists to the dynamics as thinking fragmentary- is analytical to thinking associative- synthetic. Analysis, as it they treat in the majority of sources, this separation of whole into the fragments, clearly delimited from each other. Sense of analytical activity in the laying out of boundaries. However, synthesis akin to the associative property, by which are understood associativity, T. e. the association of two or several concepts by the illegible, but high speed service, when one of them, after appearing, immediately causes in the consciousness others. Integral synthetic means with the effaced internal boundaries as a result is formed. The absolutization of the dynamic pole of thinking became the basis of the explanation of nature of mental processes in the theory of [assotsianizma]. First Aristotle advanced idea about the fact that the spontaneous means of consciousness can so tightly converge between themselves that form on the basis of contiguity, similarity or contrast the plural associations. Then J. Locke asserted that the ideas of any degree of complexity appear in the process of the association of simple sensations. In this case the association of ideas it contradicted against the purely semantic connections, which, in his opinion, were second. And really [eydetika] it proved that with the aid of the visual associations it is possible to connect in the mind everything, anything. Here some of the eidetic the technician of memorization. They entered into the use even in the antiquity. Ancient-Roman speaker Cicero for rote learning of his speeches by heart used the method “of tying to the locality”. It mentally spread information on the angles of its room, and then so mentally it returned to one or other angle or another and was extracted that required. Medieval monks -[dominikantsy], being trained to rhetoric, used the same method. They took familiar by it to the trifles road and mentally passed on it, consecutively spreading by means of the assertions, which should have been then presented before the audience. Coming out, they again mentally dispatch by this method, “raising” the decomposed there previously key concepts. To the dynamic pole of human thinking skillfully beats contemporary advertisement. It is predominantly built on the mechanism of associations according to the contiguity (courageous cowboy next to the bundle cigarette) or to contrast (usual washing powder and advertised). In view of this on [statikov], if we judge by the criterion of motive to the purchase, advertisement influences much less than on the dynamic loudspeakers. Memorization [u] [statikov] more effective when material is structured by more rigid semantic connections. In this case each concept is fixed in its storage cell as in the computer. Thus, the dynamics are more strong in the operation of synthesis (not simple connection, but confluence through the mixing), A the statics - analysis (not any separation, but stable- clear [otgranichivaniya]). The known pair of oppositions discretion/[kontinualnost] much more greatly is connected precisely with the polarity statics/the dynamics, than with the the customary [ratsio]/by the irrationality. But if this is so, in what then the specific character of last dichotomy? Irrationality indicates situationality (predominance of context above the installation), A the rationality - regularity (predominance of the installation above the context). 1.2. Social level. The difference between the dynamic and static types at this level corresponds to the opposition of initiators and [zavershiteley]. Dynamics are more strong at the beginning of any activity: they are light to the lift, rapidly they leave to the regime of nominal activity. Rapid passages from previous state to new, process of changes by itself - this is their customary life. Statics better they catch and continues already initiated - that which is already given to the motion. They must be preliminarily swung. However, in the process of the activity the dynamic loudspeakers occur the continuous correction of directivity, the unique “drift” of purposes. Because of this the priorities the dynamic loudspeakers they are variable, hierarchically weakly co-ordinative. One desire in them is rapidly changed by another. For them it is very difficult to be concentrated on any one lasting purpose without the external support. Force the dynamic loudspeakers not in the retention of purposes, but in their reaching. Therefore they are more strong in the tactics, but not in strategy. Purposes [statikov] it is more fundamental, it is more durable. They always know, what they want. Their directivity they know how to retain for a long time. Priorities in their life and work are erected by themselves. Main thing and secondary [u] [statikov] it is well demarcated and rarely it changes by places. It turns out that the statics are more successful as the strategists, than tacticians. That it is necessary to make, they know much better than as this to make. Predominance the dynamic loudspeakers any human group of unstable, inclined to the permanent changes and very sensitive to the outside interferences makes. But if in the group they prevail the statics, then rapid transformations prove to be impossible, since they run into the powerful psychological opposition, explained by the force of inertia of their psyche. Group with the predominance [statikov] is more steady, but at the same time and is more conservative. 1.3. Psychological level. Static-dynamic polarity controls the degree of the steadiness of nervous system. As a whole the nervous system [statikov] it is possible to consider it balanced, A the dynamic loudspeakers - not balanced. With this is connected the changeability of internal state, which they usually name a mood. Mood the dynamics, even if it [ratsional], it can substantially change or [kolebatsya] even for the insignificant (from the point of view of strange observer) reason. Being by completely dependent dated Wednesday man, the dynamic loudspeaker it thirsts to attain complete freedom. From other side, it needs solid support. Statics in its psychoemotional state it is sufficiently autonomous. To it it is difficult to spoil mood, but is not less difficult to raise. For the statics normal is the situation, when someone psychologically we depend on it, it can give to whom solid support. [u] the dynamic loudspeakers is developed this psychophysiological phenomenon as synesthesia — the complex connections between the sensory organs, which appear furthermore according to the associative principle. The synchronous perception of color, sound, smell, taste as single complex ensures special liveliness of the perception of reality to dynamic loudspeakers. Sometimes the confluence of sensations developed to such an extent, that the internal means seem not distinguished from the reality. [u] [statikov], in view of the discretion of their mental apparatus, synesthesia as regular quality even if is encountered, then by way of exception or only to the period as a result of special training. 1.4. Physical level. Statics/the dynamics at this level it is manifested as the biological opposition the homeostasis/of [geterostaz]. By homeostasis in this case I understand constancy, while under [geterostazom] - changeability of organism and his objectively- everyday environment. Dynamics [geterostatichny] - are inclined to change their material vital situation, for example, cloakroom, the interior of dwelling, they transpose furniture in the apartment simply for the variety, from the boredom. For [statikov] this tendency is uncharacteristic. They with difficulty proceed with changes in the object situation, to which they became accustomed. This makes to when simpler yield to the pressure of circumstances how to resist. Dynamics as types with the variable metabolism rapidly they grow stout, but so they rapidly and lose the weight of body - for this it it is sufficient to fall into the state of strong emotional stress. For [statikov] the problem of [pokhudeniya] turns around by other side. Weight category in them is stable: if they already seriously grew fat (or they lost weight), then this for a long time. Metabolic processes in their organism are more inert. The same regularities act also with respect to of other physiological parameters, in particular, temperature, blood pressure, perspiration and T. p. For example, the temperature of body [u] the dynamic loudspeakers it can [kolebatsya] in the course of twenty-four hours even when there are no explicit symptoms of indisposition. With a sufficient training dynamic types can consciously change these indices to the desired side. ...
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Old 15/11/2007, 10:51 PM
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2. Polarity “positivism- negativism” Hearth by the positivism as such I will understand tendency to maximize positive and, etc by the negativism - to minimize negative. Positivists they recover first of all the positive aspect of any phenomenon and frequently are shut eyes to the negative. [Negativisty] they will not pass problems, understating simultaneously the positive sides of situation, which them interested. 2.1. Intellectual level. At this level the polarity of negative and positive is manifested as the development of similarities or differences with the comparison of several objects. In the cognitive process [u] [negativistov] prevails contrast, and in positivists - comparison. This means that the positivists they retain well in the field of their attention integral object, separately without a moment's hesitation above the fact that he has alternatives. [Negativisty]extreme points, on the contrary, separate in the object of thought, opposite approaches encounter. The polarity known in cognitive psychology refers straight to the question interesting us the convergent/divergent thinking [5]. The discoverer of this polarity is J. [Gilford]. In his opinion, divergent (divergent) thinking on the basis of single-valued initial data issues several different solutions of one and the same problem. This feature of alternating nature is more characteristic of the thinking [negativistov]. Opposite on the directivity convergent (convergent) thinking is occupied with the search for singularly accurate result. So they think of faster the positivists. For them the problem is not solved until the lawfulness of one version of several alternative is proven. 2.2. Social level. Positivism/the negativism it affects the degree of the internal entirety of group, which is determined by attraction/by the repulsion of its terms. The inscribability of man into the group is typological forecast. [Negativisty] - remote types. To them is necessary a constant insurance even in that group, which they consider their. Therefore to integrate [negativista] it is completely more difficult in the group. Positivists, on the contrary, they gravitate towards to the contact on the close distances. They do not strengthen the opposition between the poles, but they smooth out their other one or method or another. So are formed the unity of purpose, mono-centrism in positivists. [Negativisty], increasing repulsive forces, polycentric structure is formed. Let us examine an example. SE (Sei) - sufficiently good-natured type, although it [negativist]. Is there in its behavior the tendency toward the remoteness? - Yes, it contradicts its small group against other groups. Therefore disrupts, freely or involuntarily, the unity of the purpose of entire association. Due to what does proceed this process of internal centering? [u] the positivists is observed thrust to the types opposite to itself, which contributes to the general solidarity of group, in particular, because of the ease of the distribution of intragroup roles. [u] [negativistov] there is attraction to itself paradoxical in its essence similar. But the nearer converge the elements with the charges of one sign, the more difficult it is to organize their matched actions. Rapidly they let itself be known repulsive forces. Hence [netselnost], the crack of this group. And, on the contrary, on that, does appear the group of monolithic or polarized, it is possible to judge predominance in its collective behavior of [negativistskoy] or positive tendency. Thus, the negativism generates the tension of intragroup relations, which conducts, from one side, to an increase in the psychological distance between the participants, but, from other side, its internal potential activates, it starts it - it reports “drive”. Positivism has by its consequence the rapprochement of distance and the internal unity of group, but simultaneously implies complacency, carelessness and “[presnost]” of existence. 2.3. Psychological level. In psychological sense this polarity approximately treats as trustfulness/the distrustfulness. Each type of man behaves in the life so, as if it allowed oneself answer to the following existential question: man is originally good or ashes? For the positivists initial nature of man good; therefore they are more frequently trusting. This does not completely mean that they as the same consciously themselves consider, simply they thus conduct. [Negativisty] even during the favorable distribution they are inclined to be warned worse. The degree of their confidence to those surrounding therefore is much lower. Relation between by [negativistami] and analogy with the lightning and the lightning conductor illustrates well by positivists. Person- lightning, i.e., accumulating in itself the negative psychological charge [negativisty], they are discharged on the person- lightning conductors, i.e., the positivists. The same are, in turn, inclined it must provoke them. And all this occurs greater partly automatically, unconsciously. As a result emotional flash is established the temporary balance of psychological potentials. This beneficial effect of the splashed out emotions Aristotle in his “poetics” named by the catharsis - by purification through the strong experience. 2.4. Physical level. The arrangement of collocutors plays large role in the communication on the contrary or next. To the significance in the contact of this factor, as the three-dimensional arrangement of [kommunikantov] indicated already Sullivan. Presence opposite the partner in the communication gives advantage to [negativistam]. Positivists better associate, being located by a number or at angle to the collocutor - in such a way that their views would be directed to one side. A involuntary decrease in confrontation level because of the juxtaposition - the usual method, which use the psychologists in the work with the conjugal pairs experiencing problems. Sitting next and being alternately turned only to the imaginary third collocutor, husbands gradually decrease the sharpness of the sore conflict. Practical psychologists, who study nonverbal signals, separate the entire class of the gestures of critical relation to the collocutor. For example, hand in mouth. Such gestures treat usually as closed. From the point of view of [sotsioniki], this is explained faster not by intro-version, but by negativism. Negativism it implies the perceptible solid tension. If we draw for the comparison this pair of oppositions as charging/discharging, then for [negativistov] the first pole is the automatically started process. The negatively charged types easily overswing (especially, if they still and the dynamics). Therefore for purposes of the compensation to [negativistam] physical exercises to the weakening, the smoothing of internal potential are recommended. A to the positivists it is better to carry out the complex of physical exercises for the purpose to be excited, to aggravate its physiological processes. ...
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Old 15/11/2007, 10:52 PM
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3. Polarity is “evolution/involution” In the most general form this polarity I understand as the contrast of the processes the development/of the coagulation. Specifically, this semantics is placed in the utilized by me as the terms Latin words of evolutio and involutio. Is encountered another, less formal name of this polarity - right and the leftists types. 3.1. Intellectual level. In the first approximation, for the description [evo]/[invo]- differences at this level will approach the contrast of deductive and inductive thinking. Deficiency in the fact that this polarity about the cognitive operations in the literature treats, at least, in two different senses. [Deduktivnost] in the first sense understands the simply as strict sequence of the account of thought, T. e. as [sotsionicheskuyu] the rationality, and inductance - as the conclusions, which follow after practical experience, T. e. the irrationality. I will understand this polarity in the second sense, namely as simplification or the complication the structure of the object of thought. This means that with the deductive approach from the collection of simple and obvious assertions (axioms, postulates) the necessary complex consequences consecutively are derived (theorem). Judgment flows in the direction from the simple to the complex. Evolutionary types, therefore, mentally complicate situation. During the inductive thinking everything occurs vice versa. Observing and comprehending complex phenomena, inductive brain reduces them to the simple, purified of details diagrams and the models. Thus, involutional types in order to be dismantled at the situation, will simplify it. For them is typical the judgment in the reverse order - from the complex to the simple. Polarity [evo]/the involution the different scale of the examination of problem gives. [Evolyutory] they see small through the large. Components are distinct. Scale is small as on the detailed geographical map. [Involyutory]as the oppositely thinking types, large they see through the small. Components are vague. Scale is large. [u] [negativistov], since they think more alternatively, scale will alternate, but priority nevertheless will be preserved. Not excess it will note that the deductive thinking in [sotsiume] always had a priority before the inductive. To explain phenomenon, after building its noncontradictory deductive theory, was always considered the affair of the honor of researcher. 3.2. Social level. A difference in these approaches in the social plan can be formulated as alternative pair naturalness/artificiality. By naturalness I will understand [prirodosoobraznost] - such behavior, which is encountered in living nature. Artificiality - such behavior, which it is accepted in the society. For example, in nature acts the law of the survival of the strong, whereas in the society the protection and the tarry of weak is cultivated. Different relation to the people of near or far circle results from this. In the life evolutionary types much larger role plays the reputation. The opinion of those surrounding, external society proves to be for them much more meant than the opinion of close ones. [Involyutory] they depend less on social control. They are good-natured with respect to the people of their neighbor circle of contact, whose opinion they consider in the larger measure than public approval or reprimand. [u] [involyutorov] habit is encountered to sharply roll up conversation. It is not simple to break contact, namely to roll up, rapidly to conclude, summing up the aforesaid. They also can suddenly be deflected to the side, and then again return to the discussed theme. Right types can perceive this manner as tactlessness, [nezainteresovannost] or unique demonstration of offence. 3.3. Psychological level. [Evo]/the involution together with other polarities it influences this complex parameter as [stressoustoychivost] of psyche. It controls the asymmetry of the processes of the excitation/of braking in the nervous system. [Evolyutory] more slowly they are restored after stress than [involyutory]. In them the process of braking more weakly yields to conscious control than the process of excitation. By this their tendency to be recycled on its internal experiences is explained. After being pulled in any process, they frequently cannot leave it. This can be the game of chance, the method of narcotic substance, the consumption of alcoholic beverages or anything similar up to the Internet -[addiktsii]. As consequence, the degree of the programmability of psyche [u] [evolyutorov] it is higher than [u] [involyutorov]. Programming assumes way to one side, excludes the possibility to be developed or the tied route. One of the retaining mechanisms of programming - this is phobia (obtrusive fear). Let us assume you cannot get rid of the thought, that compulsorily you will fall on the slippery road. This is the example to phobia. And then you actually will fall, even if you will put on mountaineering boots. According to my observations, [involyutory] they do not seriously suffer similar phobias. Thus, [involyutory] more rapidly and less painfully they get rid of the illusions, the imposed opinions, the suggested thoughts, fanatic states and T. p. Specifically, because of the right-left differences are cleft [kvadry] and the rings of social progress are formed. 3.4. Physical level. Polarity [evo]/the involution it is manifested at the lower level of communication through the orientation for the process or the result. Evolutionary types are much more inclined to [protsessualnosti], which includes the thorough study of components. They are subordinated to the logic of the development of process, which assumes motion from the beginning toward the end, and also from top to bottom. [Involyutory], hurrying to obtain result, they frequently disregard the components of process, which reduces the general quality. This system of behavior leads to the tolerable relation to the recoveries and the alterations. Them it will arrange let and the non-optimal, but timely solution. For them is characteristic the accomplishment of backward motions - from the end at the beginning, from below - upward. I will illustrate this sign based on the example of reading the books. Glancing immediately into the end or to the lower part of the page is characteristic for [involyutorov]. Such a reading in the reverse order not only does not deprive of their pleasure of novelty, but, on the contrary, stimulates their activity in mastering of information. It is not necessary to confuse the involution with the simple advancing forward because of the impatience, after which nevertheless continues smooth reading. [u] [involyutorov] is observed sharpness in the motions, and also discontinuity of switchings from one activity to another. These jerks compose the explicit contrast of smoothness [u] [evolyutorov]. In traditional [sotsionike] the sharpness of motions is assigned to [ratsionalam]. In my opinion, this quality to the larger degree depends on [involyutsionnosti]. As the confirmatory example let us take the types LF ([LSI]) and RI ([EII]). Their motions exactly are characterized by softness and smoothness. But here is the nature of the motions [irratsionalov] FL ([SLE]) and IR ([IEE]) it is so sharp which to train to their smooth motions is practically impossible. To more clearly clarify the deep difference between [invo]- and [evoprotsessami] will help the following analogy. In biology consider dissimilation and assimilation as two sides of exchange of substances in the organism. Dissimilation (second name - catabolism) - this splitting of complex connections with the release of energy, the elimination of decay products from the organism. It corresponds to that role, which is carried out [involyutory] in the group dynamics. [Asimmilyatsiya] (anabolism) - these are mastering from the environment of the substances necessary for the life, their transformation into the more complex connections. This communicative role corresponds to the behavior [evolyutorov]. ...
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Old 15/11/2007, 10:52 PM
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4. Cause-effect thinking Let us pass to the examination of the first cognitive style: the thinking is analytical, is positive, deductive. We will call its cause-effect. Its carriers are the [sotsionicheskie] types IL ([ILE]), LF ([LSI]), FR ([SEE]), RI ([EII]). As statics they are steady and rosary in their cognitive activity, as [evolyutory] they think of processually, without passing components and intermediate it is sectional, and as positivists strictly they go to one, singularly valid solution. 4.1. Cause-effect intellect is known under the synonymous names formal logical, or deterministic thinking. In both cases its rigid nature is emphasized. Speech during this thinking takes shape with the aid of the bonds (unions of reason) “since”, “because”, “consequently”. Mental process itself consists in the construction of the chains of cause and effect. They reduce the explanation to the indication of generating reason. If we use ourselves an example of Aristotle, who to the first four methods of explaining the phenomena, then the sculptor, who directly molded it is the reason for existence of sculpture. In the scientific sphere so it thinks IL ([ILE]), in the technical- administrative sphere - methodical LF ([LSI]), in the social sphere it checks the chain of the material interests FR However, ([SEE]), in the humanitarian sphere it is subordinated to the categorical imperative RI ([EII]). 4.2. Aristotle is considered the discoverer of this technology of thinking. The fundamental laws of formal thinking are presented by it in the theory of syllogism. However, it in to practitioner, there was first, who consecutively personified Euclid, who built famous geometry. In the new time its principles substantiated the rationalist Descartes in his “reasoning about the method” (1637 g.). Then it finally was designed in the mathematical logic. Cause-effect thinking reached its apogee in the logical positivism, then its value toward the end of the 20th century began increasingly more to fall. However, as the mass stereotype of proof it rules and until now. I will touch its advantages. First, it is received into [sotsiume] as the most authoritative, most convincing, singularly correct. In mathematics it is designed as deductive- axiomatic method. The possession of them requires large intellectual endurance. In the second place, in this style of thinking are inherent large clearness and [skontsentrirovannost]. The type is characterized by special concentration LF ([LSI]). However, irrational FR ([SEE]) it discusses sufficiently reasonably, deriving one consequence of another, which assumes concentration on the chain of steps. If at least one component for any reason falls out, then determinists lose the sensation of reasonable [obyasnennosti] and make it difficult to accomplish actions, since they do not see bases for them. But at the same time cause-effect thinking has its deficiencies. First, it most artificial, distant from the laws of the functioning of living. Its effectiveness stretches for “logical” formulation of the already existing results, construction of operating mechanisms, but not for the fundamentally new discoveries. The first blind alley, into which risks to bring the formalization, these are scholasticism, i.e., pointless, although logically irreproachable reasonings. In the second place, sequential determinists, removing whole from his sections, fall into one more intellectual blind alley - the trap of reductionism. This deficiency noted even more antique skeptics, and in the new time - Hume, who doubted the fact that any event is dictated by a strict reason. Actually, system the long chains of cause and effect, it is difficult to avoid the danger of recycling, risk to fall into circulus of vitiosus - vicious circle in the proof. In the theorem about the incompleteness of the formalisms Of [k].[Gedel] it asserts that any fairly complicated system of rules either is contradictory or it contains the conclusions, which cannot be either proven, or refuted by the means of this system. By this the limits of the applicability of formal logic are established. Using formal- deductive method, medieval scholastics, in particular, attempted to strictly prove existence of god. As a result closing cause and effect into the circle they arrived at the definition of god as thoughts, which thinks of itself. 4.3. Cause-effect thinking generates such psyche, which is badly protected from the training or, in the limiting cases, even [zombirovaniya]. Skillfully combining words and memory actions, it is possible to attain control over the behavior of concrete people. For the intellectual determinists, in particular, is characteristic strong dependence on the events of the childhood, which, as in its time opened [Z].[Freyd], are badly realized entirely. Habits in the clearly expressed determinists in their hardness are compared with the conditioned reflexes. The standard military procedure of conducting examination is designed taking into account the guaranteed cause-effect actions on the psyche. It includes such measures for action as the deprivation of sleep, change in the temperature and/or humidity in the camera, deprivation of food with its subsequent delivery as the reward, etc Isolation of arrested and gradual attachment to it its instructions sooner or later gives its fruits, since in the course of time in the unstably thinking person is manufactured dependence on the inspector, who leads examination. It is significant, which in the extreme, maximally compressed situations in people, which think in a cause-effect manner, operates the effect “of slow-motion film”. Thinking becomes separately clear, but that extended on the time. Seconds subjectively are lengthened to the minutes. For the same reason the sharp shakings of psyche, the stresses of rapidity strongly impede their cerebral activity up to the deep sleep. The psychological school of behaviorism uses this model of psyche. Its supporters consider that the instruction in any behavior is accomplished through the training - the encouragement of movement to rule and the punishment for its disturbance. [b].[F].[Skinner] formulated the principle of operant conditionality, according to which the behavior of living organisms is completely determined by consequences, to which it leads. He proposed the method of sequential approximations, according to which trained obtains the reward stimulation when his behavior it becomes similar to that desired. The concept of the programmed instruction developed by behaviorists also places as the basis of its actions the rigidly step-by-step method of motion to the purpose. 4.4. Formal logical thinking in its time gave birth to the cause-effect picture of peace. This is the picture of the peace of classical physics, cornerstone of which it is mechanic Newton. As paradigm it ruled up to the beginning of the 20th century. According to these rules function rigid systems - mechanism, organism. However, multifactor processes (psyche, society), where occur, reductionism, explaining the complex phenomena through their simple components, loses its explanatory force. Furthermore, classical paradigm is too subjected to the influence of the positive idea of the progress, while in the history is numerous examples of negative- regressive tendencies, recoils back, repetitions of that of already passed, etc The full-scale model of cause-effect thinking - this is the idea of the information in the form of drawing or realistic figure. They are produced with the aid of the straight prospect. The closely spaced objects in this technology are depicted more largely, and removed respectively on a smaller scale, it is proportional to their distance from the observer. According to this drawing, following rigid instructions, easily is made any article. ...
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Old 15/11/2007, 10:53 PM
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5. the Dialectical- algorithmic thinking The second cognitive form is of special interest: the thinking is synthetic, is negative, deductive. Is working the name of this thinking - dialectical- algorithmic. The representatives of this thinking are the [sotsionicheskie] types ET ([EIE]), TP (OR), PS ([LSE]), SE (Sei). As the dynamics these types synthesize well integral means, as thinking they increasingly more deductive complicate them and as [negativisty] they work well with the contradictions and the paradoxes. 5.1. Essential distinguishing feature of dialectical style - reflection of peace as unity and struggle of opposites. In the speech it uses syntactic construction “if- that -otherwise”, that forecasts the versions of the development of process. Within its limit the dialectics is attempted to grope the intermediate point of the dynamic equilibrium between the extremes. Dialectical intellect is born from the collision of flow and countercurrent of thought, consciousness and unconscious. The thinkers of this style are characterized by the expressed tendency toward the synthesis of oppositions, the removal of the contradictions, which they so acutely receive. Its advantages are obvious: this most flexible and thinned thinking. It capably of easily being thrown to opposite direction possesses by the predictability. The effective type of associative memory accompanies it. Algorithmic thinking also solves well problems to the classification, since has the gift of the recognition of complex means. After the conditions of task it perceives the typical algorithm of its solution. On Aristotle, dialectical- prognostic thinking explains peace on the basis purposeful reasons. For example, the reason for the appearance of sculpture is idea about it in the head of sculptor. Main role in this case play program, intention of creator. Thus, it it is possible to consider teleologic, and it means, by the most religious in its essence thinking. Many scientists of this type sooner or later come to the faith (is compulsorily church -[konfessionalnoy]). 5.2. Historically the first representative of the dialectical comprehension of peace in the history should be named Heraclitus. Absolutizing dynamic pole, it entertained idea itself that “into one river it cannot be entered twice”, because to entering second time flow already other waters. In the new time Hegel developed its theory into the extensive rational system. Since dialectical intellect in comparison with other forms of thinking is oriented most [kreatsionistski], thus unavoidably it leads to the idea of creator, absolute, space reason and T. p. Its two representatives - ET ([EIE]) and TP (OR) usually they are received in [sotsiume] as the most intellectual types. They form the backbone of different intellectual elites, clubs of experts, esoteric groups, etc They are the best computer programmers, since better than other types they know how to work with the moving structures - algorithms. The diagram of algorithm consists of blocks and pointers, which show the order of passages, branching and cycles. Moreover the main thing in the program is its dynamic part - pointer, but not blocks. Formula “if - that - otherwise” there is, in the essence, the nucleus of any algorithm. To deficiencies in the dialectical- algorithmic thinking should be carried instability and carelessness. Algorithm engineers suffer because of the difficulty to make a selection, to accept unique solution. This thinking can be faster compared with the symphony, the flow of the inosculating means, than by the clearly fixed mechanism. Its one additional problem - increased criticality, which can be such high which causes spontaneous decomposition, it plunges into the danger of complete detachment from the reality, and with the presence of hereditary predisposition with the specific probability it leads to the disorders of psyche. 5.3. In the dialectically thinking types the psyche is most subjected to transformations. From a psychological point of view, the unstable, transformed psyche is the most beneficial soil for the suggestibility. The parallel-flowing flows of thought in the head the fact is that now and then do not manage to control dialectics! It is necessary to only synchronously tune for their internal fluctuations between the freedom of choice and the fatalism and to strengthen last pole. Physicians know that the small, but accurately adjusted on the time shock can throw down heart into the state of fibrillation. In exactly the same manner the successfully directed signal brings dialectical psyche to chaotic state. The very suitable psyche for the suggesting actions possesses the [sotsionicheskiy] type ET ([EIE]). For it are characteristic the so-called moments of [imprintnoy] vulnerability. During these minutes operates rapid suggestion - [imprint], necessary prerequisite of which are fright, confusion, surprise. Table “there is no output”, suddenly seen by man with the algorithmic psyche at the moment of strong sincere confusion, it can serve as the starting hook of the solution about the suicide. Exploiting the paradoxicalness of thinking dialectical types, the shock therapy it is capable of completely reprogramming their perception of peace, including main estimated judgments. The accurate, although rare sign of dialectical thinking - accident, which leads to the states like deep fainting or coma, and then to illumination or discovery of special abilities. The second version - slow suggestion, which, mainly, is built on the cramming through vocalization and/or hearing. It is reduced to the multiple repetition of one and the same phrase with the variations. Variations in this case are especially meant. They work just as refrain in the song. Gradually is generated [transovoe] state - external weakening with the internal concentration. The greater the monotony, the rather is reached the deep trans-. Thus, some people calm down and rapidly fill up under monotonic “[bubnezh]” of television set. 5.4. The quantum- probabilistic picture of peace, manufactured by nonclassical physics, corresponds to dialectical thinking. According to this paradigm, there are no rigid laws, are only tendencies probabilities. Quantum mechanics is built on the principle of the wave-particle duality unusual for the common sense, according to which the objects of microcosm behave first as corpuscle (particle), then as wave. In regard to this took place the dispute of two great physicists of the 20th century - [A].[Eynshteyna] and [N].[Bora]. Cause-effect determinism defended the first as the main beginning of nature, the second - [veroyatnostnost]. Bohr as a result conquered. Although this dispute, if we are distracted from the historical context, does not have a sense, indeed both thinkings are dual to each other. The principle of Young's [sinkhronistichnosti] also lies at the river bed of dialectical paradigm. Contemporary British mathematician Roger [Penrouz] assumed that the human intellect uses quantum gravity as the tool for the intuitive illumination. It even wrote several books (“the new brain of emperor”, “the shadows of mind”) in which it proves, that the brain - this quantum computer and logical is Aristotelian thinking to man alien. If it rights, then hence it follows that the integral type of man is dialectical- algorithmic. Full-scale model of this thinking - dual images, which periodically pass into each other. Simple of them - projection on the plane of the truncated pyramid. During the long examination it alternately seems first by the convex, inverted apex to the observer, then of that deepened, with the outgoing far rear wall. One additional visual illustration of dialectical perception. You see what in the figure: vase against the black background or two profiles on the white? This depends on the fact that for you will be background, and that by figure. Some see vase, and profiles for them are converted into the dark background, others - on the contrary, two black profiles, and white vase departs to the background. But as soon as man will see both images, begin the fluctuations of attention. Picture seemingly pulsates: you see first vase, then profiles. The dialectical change of the background/of figure occurs. Operates the [negativistskaya] reverse prospect, when the distant or darkened objects are given as more important than located it is close to the observer. ...
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Old 15/11/2007, 10:53 PM
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6. Holographic thinking In the theory of intellect the third cognitive form is least investigated: the thinking analytical, negative, inductive. It possess the [sotsionicheskie] types FL ([SLE]), LI (Leahs), IR ([IEE]), RF ([ESI]). Code name of this intellectual style - holographic, or [polnoopisatelnoe] thinking. Term originates from the Ancient Greek words of holos - entire, whole and grapho - I write. As the base of this designation served the capability of holographers for the very tight packing of information according to the method “similar in similar”. As statics holographers reach grow prettier the clearness of thought, as [negativisty] they periodically turn the object of thought by opposite side, and as [involyutory] spasmodically change foreshortening - the angle of examination or the criterion of judgment. 6.1. This intellectual technology has much in common with holographic principle in physics. Hologram (optical) - this is the statically fixed picture of the two-beam interference of light - supporting and reflected, that go from one source. Holographic technology makes it possible to obtain the volumetric image of object. Hologram itself is the totality of strips and spots, in no way not similar to the imprinted object. In it prove to be superimposed to each other two separate light beams, this occurring so that each part of the hologram it bears information about entire volume. Thus, due to the mental imposition of several projections of one and the same object holographers achieve the effect of capacity. For this they look through the image and is selected the necessary distance of examination. Holographic thinking the following grammatical bonds attend: “or - or”, “or- or”, “from one side, from other side”. It actively uses principle of menu, free election of the point of view. Holographic approximation - this successive approximation to a purpose or the removal from it, accompanied by the change of foreshortenings. In the process of holographing as if sharp focusing is accomplished. Holographic thinking has the characteristic skeletal- gripping, penetrating, “X-ray” nature. It without the regret intercepts details, nuances. General, completely convoluted idea about the object gives. Take for an example two orthogonal sections of cylinder. Horizontal section looks like circle, and vertical - as rectangle. Two different manifestations of united with their combination in the mind give passage to the higher logical level of understanding object. So it thinks FL ([SLE]) in combat. Analyzing situation, it simplifies it to two-three projections (frontal, from the flank, from the rear), but rapidly it leaves to the higher level of understanding. LI (Leahs) it convexly grips problem from the alternative sides, mentally turning situation around its semantic axes. RF ([ESI]), first drawing near, then moving away man, seemingly it probes it from the different sides, intercepting people, which it can bring. IR ([IEE]) it recovers the concealed, alternative motives of man, seemingly is built its [psikhologichesuyu] “hologram”. The major advantages of holographic thinking are such. First, [mnogorakursnost]. Due to this, as has already been spoken, are reached convexity, the completeness of description, [kholistichnost]. In the second place, it values simplicity and clearness. It avoids pretentiousness, “[navorotov]”. Are especially effective holographers in the crisis situations, when it is necessary to rapidly make decision and there is no time to the weighing of all components. An explicit deficiency in this style of thinking in the fact that it too rough, does not pay the adequate consideration to the details, which become significant, when process proceeds exactly. It is difficult to unpack its information products. It seems strangers that in them be absent the intermediate components, which must ensure connectedness. On Aristotle, holographic thinking corresponds to explanation with the aid of the structural, or shaping reasons. Aristotle called structure form. If we return ourselves for its example with the sculptor, then the reason for sculpture occurs the form concealed in it, which the sculptor of altogether only frees, intercepting the excess pieces of marble. 6.2. The vague ideas of the holographic content expressed Leibnitz in his “[Monadologii]”. Its monad, in which as in the miniature is reflected entire world order, greatly resembles hologram. Systematically biologists, who were attempting themselves to understand the reason for stability in nature, turned themselves to it. As a result of the interrelations of living and inanimate nature, which appear in the specific territory, are formed the biogeocenosis, or ecosystems. Ecosystems, first of all, are characterized by [samotozhdestvennostyu] in the time, equilibrium. In them the prolonged co-existence of oppositions without the confluence is observed (synthesis). In such associations the statics, therefore, predominates above the dynamics. In this consists the fundamental law of ecosystem, called homeostasis. On the base of these ideas more lately was formed the general theory of systems. Austrian biologist l. is considered as its ancestor. von Bertalanffy, who introduced the concept of the open system - such, which is exchanged with the medium substance, energy and information and due to this resists disorganization. If determinists explain the behavior of the system through the component parts and the connections between them, then holographers find in it the new qualities, which are described by the additional combinatory signs, which in no way escape from its internal structure. Therefore holographic paradigm in a general manner can be named the system- ecological picture of peace. Contemporary ideology “of green” - the absolutization of this thinking. This on no account means that the ideologists of this motion - holographic types. The technology of thinking and the system of the proclaimed views must not coincide! The manifestation of one style of thinking through another is the absolutely typical case. As a good example serve the books “quantum” psychologist a. Wilson, in which dialectical- algorithmic form is filled by the [mnogogorakursnym], holographic content [of 5]. 6.3. To holographic thinking corresponds the steady, [nezombiruemaya] psyche. You will compare, for example, the programmability of psyche [LSI] and involutional- specular to it [SLE]. As practice indicates, the degree of resistibility to psychological intrusion from without latter is much higher. But how this is explained? - By the durable cognitive body, on which it [zizhdetsya]. By [polnookhvatnostyu], which gives periodic change of the point of view to the object. By good balance between the immune and nervous systems, and also the basic sensory organs. In the neuro- linguistic programming this principle is used in the technology, which is called [refreyming]. [Refreyming] - this is a change in the framework, in the range which is received one or other event or another. If we mentally place customary object into the unusual medium, then the sense of entire situation will change. Present to itself, for example, tiger first in the jungle, then in the cell of zoo, then on the threshold of your apartment. Standardly [sotsionicheskiy] type is described as submerged in its “club”. But if we move it in to [kvadru]? But if it does prove to be among the types with the opposite style of thinking? This number can be unlimitedly continued. With the aid of [refreyminga] it is possible to glance at that becoming familiar by fresh view. The type of the psyche of man, who comes running to this technology, in this case is, of course, constant, changes only relation to the object of attention. Gain from this method, first of all, in the fact that new vision emphasizes those sides of situation, which previously were underestimated, it makes it possible to find the new resources of increase, enlarges the selection available to you. 6.4. By the physical, full-scale model of multi-foreshortening intellect is hologram - imposition of several images in such a way that each of them is evident only during the examination at the specific angle. The replacement of pictures occurs spasmodically. In this case changes not system itself, but only its priorities. The multicriteriality, which makes it possible to work with the complex system so realizes as with a number of simple. One additional full-scale prototype of holographic thinking - [fraktalnye] objects. They are opened by mathematician b. [Mandelbrotom] in the 70's of past century. Geometrically [fraktaly] - this of figure with the washed away outlines, that possess self-similar internal structure. For example, tree, snowflake, coastline T. p. Repeated internal investments according to the principle of matryoshka are characteristic for them. As in the hologram, the small fragment of [fraktala] contains information about entire [fraktale]. Part occurs always structurally it is similar to whole. [Sotsionicheskie] objects are such [fraktaly]. Hence my holographic concept of individual as the systems of the types, inserted in each other [4]. It disputes with the ruling flat [sotsionikoy], which defend people, which are guided by reductionistic thinking. ...
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Old 15/11/2007, 10:55 PM
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7. Vortex thinking Fourth cognitive style: the thinking is synthetic, is positive, inductive. In these forms the thinking flows ES ([ESE]), SP ([SLI]), PT ([LIE]) and TE ([IEI]). Most suitable name of this thinking - vortex, or synergetic. Synergetics - is the science about how order is born of chaos. Word “synergy” in the transfer from the Ancient Greek indicates the matched actions. At present the term of synergist continues to be discussed. In its western sources they name theory of chaos or nonlinear dynamics [9]. It is for our purposes important to know that it is occupied by the so-called dissipative structures - nonequilibrium, nonlinear, unsteady. As the dynamics synergetics think mobilely, with the tints of one thought into another as the positivists they go to one point of attraction as [involyutory] they frequently turn backwards, jump over to the previous level, which displaces the flow of their thoughts like the vortex or changing its outlines cloud. TE ([IEI]) as if in the kaleidoscope sees the whimsical, poured pictures - first floating, then moving away themselves. PT ([LIE]) it thinks very experimentally: many versions quickly sort out in the head and will test them to the practical fitness. ES ([ESE]) it initiates social processes, leaving after itself the train of small emotional turbulence. Thoughts “swarm” in its head, displacing each other. SP ([SLI]) as “it lies at the drift” and awaits tailwind. But as soon as situation becomes favorable, self-organizing begins - its thinking rapidly is started, twisting incoming information, the most and least successful versions of actions are separated. 7.1. Characteristic “vortex” indicates that self-organizing, that moves similarly to vortex. Actually flows as the rapid sorting of versions, their approval and subsequent sifting of those, which do not give result. At its basis lies [ispytatelnost] - advance to the purpose through the tests and the errors. It it is possible to in a sense compare with the experiment in the laboratory, which is the brain of man. First advantage of vortex thinking - liveliness and naturalness. It seemingly imitates those processes, which actually flow in nature. Its another advantage - faith in the success, to [vezuchest]. Synergists do not confuse temporary failures and current errors. They undertake attempt after the attempt, until success finally comes to them. The greatest deficiency in this thinking in the fact that the intellectual search goes blindly, and means, uneconomically. One additional difficulty - its chaos, spontaneity. Synergetic intellect is the certain similarity of chain reaction, which untwists itself. In this case the mechanism of the positive feedback operates: if we in time do not stop ourselves, then the concentration of efforts at first leads to the explosion, and then to slow cooling. Synergetic intellect explains phenomena with the aid of the substantive reasons. Substance itself (substance, substratum) in view of natural motion generates phenomenon. Based on the example of Aristotle, the material reason for sculpture - this is the chunk of marble, from which it was made. 7.2. Vortex thinking was designed into the independent paradigm and was estimated [sotsiumom] on the merit later than all, although it the closest to the natural phenomena. It is known that under the natural conditions all processes proceed as rotations. In the free economy, for example, acts “invisible hand of the market” For [a].[Smita]: occur cyclic demand and supply fluctuations, which generate the natural price of goods. Studying biological evolution, [Ch].[Darvin] opened, that its source is the struggle for existence and survival of the most fitted out organisms. The main engine of this “evolution” exactly involution, since, in the first place, the focus of events displaces by the charge variation and, in the second place, there are no intermediate it is sectional between the forms, they appear not smoothly, but abruptly. Actually, biological self-organizing begins from the mutations - sudden, unpredictable change in the genetic material. This is strictly the involution, which generates pulsatory chaos, whereas fastening and circulation of useful mutations - this already action of evolution. To strengthen in Darwinism [invotendentsiyu], the so-called concept of intermittent equilibrium attempts to emphasize the discontinuity of the development of nature. Its authors Gould [Eldridzh] proceed from the fact that smoothly-step by step changes of the forms in the natural conditions are impossible. In order to survive, are necessary simultaneously all organs in running order. It does not occur the essences, in which be present the [poluplavniki]- half wings, [polupaltsy]-[polukopyta], etc According to this theory the lifetime of form is divided into two very unequal on the duration stages. The first stage - this [stazis], when long time nothing essential occurs with the form. And the second period - moment of the break, when form very rapidly is converted into another form, or dies out. In the 20th century, as I already noted, vortex principle again opened and it took for the armament of synergist. Motto of synergetics - order through the fluctuations. Fluctuations (local disturbances of system) are the analog of biological mutations. Order in the chaotic development of the complex sociopsychological systems of [sotsionika] it grasped through the law of the removability of [kvadr]. However, it should not be forgotten that in the irreversible removability of [kvadr] there is many involutional sections - explosions, jumps and turnings. Because of this the real, but not theoretical curve of evolution is notched, that loops. By its outlines it resembles the dancing tongues of flame of the burning bonfire. 7.3. This style of thinking gives such qualities as endurance, optimism, to psyche. However, the psyche of synergists is nevertheless less steady than in holographers. Synergetics - types partially programmed, but capable of discarding unnatural programs. True, for restoring the normal mental life to them is necessary determined, and sometimes also the continuance of tests and errors. Vital adversities, the cessation of customary forward movement badly affects their thinking. The regularity operates: the lower the speed, the worse [samoupravlyaemost] as during control of aircraft. If the pressure of counter air to the aerodynamic controllers weakens, aircraft much more badly obeys them. Best countermeasure in similar situations - positive self-programming. It consists in the forcing back of the disturbing thoughts to the background and their dissolution in the positive scenario. TE ([IEI]) before the sleep it visualizes pleasant picture and it removes thus the alarming experiences of day. PT ([LIE]) in the imagination it sketches the desired purpose in all details and as the positivist in the course of time it leaves to the necessary people and the resources. ES ([ESE]) simply he does not think about the errors of the past, and its mood is improved by itself. SP ([SLI]) places not the first place the positive version of the course of events and he tries to grasp the moment, when it is possible to approach its realization. Frequently they forget, that synergetic component of development makes extended forecasts hopeless. American meteorologist [E].[Lorents] descriptively named this phenomenon by the effect of the butterfly. The butterfly, that waved wings in some state of America, can with the specific confluence of circumstances cause hurricane somewhere in Indonesia. Complex nonlinear phenomena are not predicted, because tiny initial influences lead with time to the enormous consequences. In the usual life the same phenomenon is called the effect of dominoes. The initial fall of the first bone successfully entails a catastrophic drop in entire number. The initial actions, whose accomplishment occurs on your will, are determined, which of the scenarios will be neglected - pessimistic or optimistic. ...
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Old 15/11/2007, 10:57 PM
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7.4. This type of thinking reflects the formed now synergetic picture of peace. Within the framework this paradigm in XVIII century arose Kant- Laplace hypothesis about the vortex origin of the sun and planets from the cosmic dust. Synergetic paradigm is directed against [kreatsionizma]. The appearance of complex systems it explains by procreation, but not by external creation. Here is a characteristic example from the history of science. Biochemist [A].[i].[Oparin]'s hypothesis about the procreation of life from the inanimate material - primary “bouillon” in the early stages of existence of the Earth in many respects confirmed the famous experiment of Stanley Miller, executed in 1953. Strictly within the framework synergetic paradigm presents his world view academician n. Amoses. In his opinion, “the evolution of peace is explained by self-organizing structures… miracles are possible, but practical value they do not have ". It is sincerely convinced that material can be recreated in the computer models. Synergetics recognizes the decisive role of the case and free will at the transitional moments of history. Therefore the synergetically disposed scientists examine the alternatives of historical events. In particular, English historian A. Toynbee did model this version of the flow of antique history - if Alexander Macedonian did not die (pessimistic version), how was developed peace then (optimistic version)? Full-scale model of synergetic thinking - turbulent flow. Turbulent is called this fluid flow or gas, in which occurs the strong mixing of its moving layers. The behavior of this flow cannot be predicted. The laminar phase of flow preceding turbulence is subordinated to clear regularity and corresponds to cause-effect thinking. For the mathematical simulation of the natural processes of increase the exponential functions usually are used. Such functions describe not the arithmetical, but geometric progression of values. Logistic (S- descriptive) curve especially frequently for the dynamic simulation is drawn. It compulsorily concludes with the section of saturation. This means that self-organizing is not omnipotent: after reaching some limit, it exhausts its pulse of motion. It is further necessary either to yield its place for external organization or to venture the new center of self-organizing. Synergetic types select, of course, second. Synergetically, taking into account involution the process of generation, increase and loss of ethnoses l. is explained. N. [Gumilev]. Ethnic system dictates the rules of selection of the specific behavior of people. Personalities -[passionarii] (cranks, [otshchepentsy], which think differently…) they ensure society with diverse mutations. Social system holds in control them until it weakens for any reasons (economic crisis, internal wars, satiety with the comforts, etc). After this, the energy of new will baste the become decrepit system and it begins energetically to be developed at its place. But sooner or later it will age itself and forced will be yield place for the sequential alternative system ripened in its depths and T. d. This thinking most difficultly is given to people with the algorithmic comprehension of reality, since in them to free election and to the game of the case oppose teleology, fate, special role of programmer, etc When synergetics speak about the concealed order in chaos, they, if we translate their words to the language of [sotsioniki], they establish that the system- holographic thinking, which recovers the convoluted ordering structures, is dual to the chaotic- the vortex. ...

Conclusion 1. From that, on what you focus attention, and is created your subjective peace. If you concentrate attention in the problems, then your peace occurs overfilled by obstacles. Be concentrated on the positive side of situation - and they will begin more easily to live. You will reduce of thought, you will arrive at the idea of creator. You will enlarge, you will believe in free will. It is useful to formulate the [sotsionicheskiy] criterion of the specialist of high level. Average specialists analyze only the conditions of task itself, and highly qualified - still and its method of the solution. It the one who realizes its intellectual limitations, it can learn to overcome them or which is still better, to seek the aid of people, which think in these forms because of their natural type. In any event systematic work in this direction will increase efficiency. your intellect. 2. The fours of the types, which it is accepted to name by the rings of the revision, are [makromodelyu] of internal information structure psyches. Mastery of this structure - this is the first radical step on the road to control of the ever-growing volumes of information. The second step consists in the passage to the collective forms of intellectual activity. Entire complexity in correctly connecting of these forms of thinking the within the framework coordinated groups. Otherwise we actually will encounter the end of the science, which exhausted separately all four basic paradigms, that also establishes in its sensational book Of [dzh].[Khorgan] [7]. 3. Your thoughts only then sufficiently solidly and without the distortions will penetrate in the consciousness of society, if your master them [podreviznye]. Indeed they think in the same forms as you, but they refract them through another form of activity. Having only passed all regular stages - from the origin through the development, finishing and introduction - thought completely it is personified into the reality. Therefore there is no sense to be locked in the limits of [kvadry]. The real pulsatory motion occurs on the [revizno]- custom-made spiral, and [kvadra] - this although important, altogether only transit exchange by this method. 4. Thinking geniuses, most likely, - this is the aggravated, maximum version of dialectical- algorithmic intellect. Its uniqueness consists in the free game of mind, the indefatigable imagination, the daring synthesis of oppositions. Practically always it accompanies [negativistskaya] with respect to the public opinion position. Mysticism frequently is present. But if western [tipologi] consider that the brilliant thinkers belonged to the type OR, then my opinion - to [EIE]. The unbalanced nervous system, is hotter heart and the [myatushchiysya], overfilled by associative means reason - here is that material, from which nature models geniuses.

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Last edited by Tron; 15/11/2007 at 10:57 PM. Reason: Automerged Doublepost
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