Behaviours of Temperaments
The following are the only two characteristics that distinguish the four temperaments:
* whether one is oriented primarily toward input (p) or output (j); and
* whether one is guided by externalized (E) or internalized (I) references.
The above two choices determine the configuration of the ...
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|C1 These apparent changes in temperament are symptoms of the psyche looking for solutions when pursuing objectives; when all else fails, it 'tries' to look elsewhere. If the primary input/output system normally uses externally referenced data or processes, it will attempt to reference internally (or vice versa); however, this means switching from closed-loop modes of operation to open-loop (or vice versa). Also, if the primary normally uses relative data or processes, it will switch to absolute data or processes (or vice versa); thus, it would try to input with a S instead of N perspective (or vice versa) and output with a T instead of F perspective (or vice versa). Because the psyche is routinized in the use of normal processes and preferences, it has to make a complete switch so as to avoid potential confusion or conflict while maintaining sight of the objectives. Note that this transition likely occurs much more frequently in youth (when people are trying to 'find themselves') and perhaps (to a lesser extent?) in retirement when things are slower paced and no longer matter as much. Thus, secondary functioning in youth may be viewed as a failure mode while in later life, it may be accepted more as broadening of the soul. -- I/O|
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